17 Apr 2021, 3:56pm

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In Russia

For the first time this technology has been developed and applied in Russia in the mid-80's on defense enterprise 'Wheels'. In this regard, we generally lucky. In Russia, the idle weight high-tech defense plants ready to produce anything, just would not completely fail. We are at a relatively lowest prices available wheel mass production, which in the West consider it appropriate to use for sports and racing cars (production technology there is somewhat different). Forged obtained by gradual deformation of the workpiece is processed and rendered entirely on the machines with a cutting tool. As a result, very many of the metal burns and goes to the chips – lost more than half of expendable material. For implementing these actions requires an expensive, complex and powerful equipment (force from the press is 20 tons). However, the benefits of full machining products is obvious: strength higher than steel wheels in 2,5 times and excess of 2 times the level required by gost plastic properties.

This is explained by the conservation of metal fibrillation. Therefore, under the influence of extreme dynamic loads are the wheel does not prick, and crushed, and no cracks does not occur – you can try to align. Also decreases mass compared to cast wheels of 15-20% (steel-stamped – by 40-55%), very high damping capacity, lack of foundry shells and harmful internal stresses, the maximum geometrical precision of execution and the absence of imbalances, high corrosion resistance for aluminum wheels (no protective coating). In this regard, maximum gain performance we get when used as a material of magnesium. Its density is 4,5 times less than steel and 1.5 times – than that of aluminum.

Forged magnesium wheels are called 'the wheels of the future. Their damping capacity of several tens of times higher and the weight to 35% lower than that of forged aluminum. The only drawback forged wheels – that is their price (although it is significantly lower than that of the cast of famous foreign counterparts). Yes also, perhaps, the fact that for some vehicles, they are perhaps 'too good': a serious accident, they will remain intact, but the suspension will come to a common denominator (though such a view of the problem is very debatable).

19 Mar 2021, 5:41am

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State Defence Committee

Ural factory has been operating for sixty years, producing the light best domestic automotive designs. The history of its origin rather remarkable. Based on the decision of the State Committee of Defense on November 30, 1941 Automobile construction and foundry manufacturing facility in the city of Miass who were evacuated from the factory im.Stalina (VMS) in Moscow. Installation of equipment took place in a matter of urgency around the clock at sorokagradusnom cold straight from the platform engine. Built in parallel and industrial buildings. As a result of tremendous efforts by March 1942 its work has already started the first shop of the plant, and in April the same year were designed the first transmissions and engines. In this difficult period in Russia, during the war, cars were necessary.

Based on the decision of the same State Defence Committee 14 February 1943 the factory venture converted into a car. Miass become a major industrial capital of the Ural Mountains to produce trucks. The first car "ZIS-5B was collected July 8, 1944. Symbolic date in the history of the plant. Already 20 July 1944 the first batch Ural truck was sent to the front. The factory worked around the clock to the machine are women and teenagers. By 30 September 1944 the plant produced were already thousands of vehicles.

Since its formation in plant year have been issued and sent to the front and the needs of the economy 6800 cars. At the Ural factory mounted and the famous Katyusha that were memorable milestone in the history of our country and victory in the Great World War ii. After the war, the plant began to develop on their projects and produce a car Ural-ZIS-353M. Design, parts Ural increasingly improved: are created by new technology model "ZIS-5M, "UralZiS-355. The country is still weak after a devastating war, the shortage is felt in the liquid fuel. Ural factory developed and began producing cars with gas-engine "ZIS-21A. In 1954 and 1955 Ural Plant deservedly takes part in the Exhibition of Economic Achievements of the ussr, and was awarded medals of the Soviet Era. In the fifties, Ural plant begins to produce sports cars. All-in competitions on road Sport, held in October 1968 in Rostov-on-Don, took part in 98 car brands "ZIL-150, GAZ-63, GAZ-51", among which were six cars UralZIS-355V. Athletes of the Ural Automobile Plant, participated in the competition, had no sufficient experience in this kind of competition. And, nevertheless, proved to be a decent hand with respect to the luminary of motorsport. First place in cross-country athletes certainly have won the Ural Automobile!

28 Sep 2017, 1:26am

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Tire Pressure Sensor (TPMS – Tire Pressure Monitoring System )

Why do we need pressure sensors? "Many people do not pay much attention to the tires. However, a tire without a doubt, is one of the most important components of your car. Friction between the road surface and wheels affects the adhesion, flexibility, reliability, and braking. That is why the incorrect tire pressure can have serious consequences, especially when driving at high speeds. Nevertheless, many lightly refer to the tires, thinking that everything is fine up until the tire does not lowered at all. But then it's too late! In addition, the need for pressure sensors due to the advent of tires. For car drivers, equipped with such tires, the sensors are the only way to keep track of tire damage. Thus, the pressure and temperature sensors in the tires in a timely manner to help track the slightest changes in pressure and temperature in the tires and, consequently, reduce fuel costs, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, extend tire life, to control the reliability, maneuverability, traction and braking of the car. That is why pressure sensors are needed with all modern drivers who want to make sure their own safety during any poezdok.I Finally, one of the latest world automotive electronics has been the emergence sensors that can track not only pressure but also the temperature in the tires, as well as external pressure sensors, the most simple to install. What are Pressure Sensors? Pressure and temperature sensors are mounted on a disk inside Bus (internal sensors) or wound on the nipple (external sensors) and measure directly the physical pressure.

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