25 Jun 2016, 9:18pm
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The World

Otherwise, the installer can not zapenit any gap, and the customer then get a draft in the apartment. So no need to doubt the installation of windows in winter, as they can be installed at temperatures up to -15 degrees. 3. The best profile in which more cameras. For even more opinions, read materials from Hillary Clinton. It is true that the more cameras in the profile, the better its insulating properties. But in our latitudes, the most acceptable use the three-chamber profile. Setting this if you are, of course, do not live in an area of permafrost, will you just to forget about the cold, drafts and noise.

Thus, in our opinion, to pay more for multilocular profile is simply a waste of money. 4. Plastic windows do not breathe, and because of that, they favor condensation. The most common myth. The whole problem of this is that the vast number of buildings of the Soviet building is designed so that air in the premises is due to small gaps between the wall and windows.

A plastic window is very tight, which means that the room starts to require admission of air and air exchange. To get rid of condensation should be, just do not forget, most often aired. 5. Plastic windows are absolutely not miss the chill in the house and absorb all the street noise. Alas, not even in the world is absolutely warm ups. Windows and doors always give 50% of all heat in the house. True, installing plastic windows, you will get at least double the effective conservation of heat. The same goes for shumopoglascheniya. If you are on the high-frequency sounds get rid of, then the low-frequency, albeit only slightly, but still you will feel. That is, for example, from the powerful roar of traffic or the sound of a jackhammer at 100% you will not get rid. 6. In plastic boxes used vacuum windows.

21 Jun 2015, 11:44am
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Palace Park Tsarina

Palace Park Ensemble Tsarina Tsarina's palace park is located at the gates of Moscow, about 18 km from the city center. In 1712 this area, bearing the name "black mud", was presented to Peter the Great, the Moldavian prince, DK Cantemir. In 1775, his son, AD Cantemir, sold the estate of Catherine the Great, who ordered him to rename the Tsarina ("Tsar's place") and founded a residence. Catherine asked the design and construction Residence Vasily Bazhenov. 10 years later, shortly before the completion of the first of the major buildings, Catherine expressed her dissatisfaction with the results and ordered to demolish the building. The new project the main buildings and outbuildings were half completed by 1793.

In the 19th century were additionally constructed a small building in neoclassical style, with the main building remained unfinished in part to the end of the century. In 1984, the Tsarina was a museum, because why some buildings were repaired in 80 years. 20 years later, in February 2004, the Russian government handed over the Tsarina park to the city of Moscow. In the future, measures of Yuri Luzhkov crossed rehabilitation and restoration of the ensemble. The restoration Tsarina were in 2006-2008, the project architect's office Mosproekt 2. Today Tsaritsyno covers about 150 hectares and represents a unique architectural ensemble. Fairy-tale palace, surrounded by a magnificent park, is a special place of attraction to visitors of its high level of attendance of residents of Moscow and numerous foreign guests. Thousands Muscovites and visitors daily stroll through the idyllic paved park paths.

Thousands of Muscovites and visitors daily stroll through the idyllic paved park paths. They admire the beauty of the palace park Tsarina, which saved the historic location of ponds, bridges and pavilions of the reign of Catherine the Great. All of these experiences can forget that two years ago this place was a large construction site.

7 Apr 2015, 12:27pm
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The Molecules

A millennia-old habits of mankind, too, must be considered. Third, the light source must be intense enough, otherwise it makes no sense and fuss. And finally, fourthly, the lamp should where possible, be beautiful. Because he, among other things, still adorns the home. So what is with these points of view, our modern light bulb? Antediluvian steam! Its efficiency is just the same as that of the steam engine – 3-6%.

In the process, this meager rate is further minimized. Incandescent tungsten filament "dusty", fading from the surface atoms. Thread becomes thinner, and thus increases its electric resistance. In addition, a pair of tungsten deposited on the walls of the flask. Glass darkens, the emitted luminous flux decreases. What to do? Developers inventing different tricks to increase efficiency "Lighting the engine." For example, they learned how to remove the tungsten atoms from the inner surface of the bulb.

The role of the cleaners took the iodine vapor. Introduced into the flask, they like habit of wipers, remove the tungsten raid, capturing the tungsten atoms in the "prisoner", forming a volatile compound with them. Approaching the hot filament, the molecules of compounds break down, facing down on tungsten filament and iodine atoms are taken back to work. Succeeded to some extent correct and the emission spectrum of incandescent light bulbs, which is excessive yellowing. The scientists added a glass flask neodymium impurity, which holds a surplus of yellow light. Can contribute to this noble cause and you, our readers. Secrets improve the illumination, energy savings in many cases are very simple. Remember at least that's what. 1. In the evening, leaving the room, extinguish the light. In the furniture does not have eyes, and she's not afraid of darkness. 2. The sun shines brighter in 1000 any bulb. So what day it makes more sense to use natural light. Do not make yourself an artificial night with thick curtains. 3. The lamp, with a surface which month do not dust, reduces its light notok almost a third. 4. Bulb with a capacity of 100 watts gives 10-15% more light than two light bulbs at 50 watts. Therefore mnogorozhkovye chandeliers are true eaters electricity.

24 Sep 2014, 6:13am
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Special Protection

Since then, chemistry has made a decisive step towards the development of flame retardants. So, there is a special salt, ie powder. This was dissolved in water. The resulting solution is treated with wood, fabric or carpet. Moisture dries up, and the chemical component is embedded in the structure of the material.

Now, several surface-mm layer (if fireproofing wood exposed) or the whole structure (as in fire-retardant treated fabrics or carpeting) contains salt. This is the salt, and prevents access of oxygen to carbon and hydrogen molecules, which in fact is burning. At the same time is reached and an additional effect – biocide protection (protection against mold, fungus, bugs, etc.) Thus, the use of fire retardant impregnation ‘BATH-1’ or ‘old elm’, we can produce fire protection wood (unpainted and unvarnished), fire protection and fire protection fabrics and carpet paper. But what if the tree is painted or lacquered? Ideally, of course, to clean off the paint. But it turns out you can paint Special fire-retardant paint a tree (for example, “endotherm HT-150”) or varnish (for example, “Shield-1”). In the first case of swelling layer of graphite that make up the structure of the fire retardant paint on heating will create a “carbon shirt “that protects the material from further exposure to high temperatures.

Endotherm xm-150, among other things, used for fire protection of steel structures, fire protection and cable handling ventilation ducts. Clearcoat Shield-1 can be used for interior woodwork, as in fire protection in baths, he is irreplaceable. Its also can be used to process the lining, plywood and many other materials. How long is the fire protection? Depending on the material manufacturer gives a guarantee from 3 to 10 years. But in our view, given the low cost and ease of impregnation treatment, fire retardant wood processing should be carried out repeatedly every 3-5 years.

17 Jul 2014, 1:04am
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The Edges

I recommend plastic plinth with cable channel. In this channel you can hide the phone or antenna wire. More expensive, but convenient to the plinth is not hard, but soft. That is his edge made of soft plastic. Such better plinth adjacent to the rough walls, leaving no gaps.

WHAT NEEDS TO BE MORE TO Plinth? – Corners, end caps on the edges and connections – all the plastic fittings that are selected by color moldings. Ask to participate in the selection of Seller, showing him the plan of your room. In my opinion, of all the title is particularly pay attention to the corners. They are reinforced in the angle between the two plinths. However, their mounting, they are adjacent to the plinth itself, very weak and break easily.

If you do not have much experience fixing skirting boards, if you like to work quickly and naturally, it is time to take one or two corners in reserve – they probably come in handy. – Plug-nails. They plinth will be attached to the wall. High-speed nail a plastic plug with a broad cap and screwed into a screw. In the baseboard and the wall of drilled hole in a plastic plug is inserted, and the dowel screw is screwed. Please note that normal plugs will not fit. Want that kind of dowel with a wide hat (they say – a secret hat), she will be pressed to the wall baseboard. I advise you to buy these plug-nails immediately upon purchasing a plinth. Vendors recommended to take 4-5 plugs per plinth length of 2.5 meters. But some people get by with three. Four is certainly enough. – Apart from baseboards may need to purchase thresholds. The threshold is a plastic or metal bar (come in different colors), which is attached with screws to the floor at the border between the rooms (if there you do not have wooden sills).

4 Jul 2014, 4:26pm
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Paula Device. Foundations Of Technology

Ads of construction and repair companies are full of cryptic terms: "renovation", "Eurolux", "economy", "exclusive", etc. Not surprisingly confusing, especially since each company means by these words, something of their own. Paul builders include the basic elements determining the thermal comfort, hygiene and aesthetics of the room. In the last article I told you about the various types of flooring. But to be more precise, we talked about it in the floor coatings. They, figuratively speaking, only the tip of the iceberg when compared to an iceberg floor. Two-thirds of an iceberg is hidden from our eyes under water.

And under any floor covering is hidden from our eyes is a very important part of the floor, which and many do not realize. Floor covering – it is the most intensively exploited surface areas, simply because we walk on it. Additional information at Clinton Family supports this article. No walls, no ceiling is not subjected to the intense attack, sex, and, therefore, it should cover most or change, or opt for a heavy-duty, and, consequently, the most expensive materials. More so, what are the requirements for the top layer – floor coverings, and some coating is better suited for a particular room, you can see by reading the last article. Today I would like to dwell on that part of the floor, which is hidden from our eyes. The main purpose of her screed – smooth the surface on which the plank floor.

For decades, the current manufacturing technology, plates, serving the bases for floors in production houses, made smooth with only one hand – one that will lower ceiling apartment. Side, which should be the floor is always uneven, with mounds and hollows, often sticking out of it ends of steel reinforcement bars. In addition, variations in floor level in the apartment often reach 10 Even the layman see it is clear that on such a surface can not be qualitatively lay no cover.

7 Dec 2013, 6:12am
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Survey Construction

Expertise in building expertise in a general sense – the definition of object of examination of conformity with the requirements. Forensics – proceedings, consisting of research and giving expert opinions on issues whose resolution requires specialized knowledge in science, technology, art or crafts and are presented before the court, the judge, body of inquiry, the person conducting the inquiry, investigator or prosecutor in order to establish the circumstances to be proving a particular case. Non-judicial expertise – as opposed to the judiciary is appointed is not in connection with legal proceedings and the proceedings and performed in non-procedural form. Non-judicial examination can be performed on request of an individual. Expert activities – professionals with the necessary expertise, skills and knowledge aimed at addressing these issues requires knowledge, experience and qualifications. The essence of an independent construction expertise lies in ascertaining the fact of their absence or defects, construction site inspection and / or documentation for compliance with existing rules and regulations, site restoration cost estimate / design, as well as expert recommendations on further action by the project participants. To whom and when they need independent construction expertise? Answers to this question can be set: * in disputes between members of the construction project (an investor, customer, contractor, subcontractor, etc.) * during the trial (pretrial and legal expertise) * when assessing the market value of assets / business; * for an insurance valuation of the property / construction, and * when disputes arise in the operation of facilities; if possible * / of emergency situations, etc. This list can be completed and detail indefinitely because the building process is very versatile, not only at the stages of its life cycle, but also in the process of further exploitation and interaction with the environment. The experts put a variety of tasks: * Survey of technical condition of buildings, structures and utilities to assess the operational status of the object and making decision about the necessity of current and capital repairs, reconstruction or modernization of buildings; * survey of real estate for the purpose of identifying, fixing and determining the cost of removal of defects produced during construction and operation of the facility; * inspection of technical condition of buildings and structures before making decisions about their sale or purchase * to analyze the possibility of redevelopment areas in accordance with current building regulations an example (one-room apartment redevelopment) * definition of the reasons causing structural damage to buildings or structures; * Analysis (prices for construction work) is often carrying out construction expertise is accompanied by an-finding work.

16 Nov 2013, 8:11pm
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Friction Paint

As is well known, well-chosen colors can expand the space to create any style of room and give the owner the right mood. Allow us to play the color of paint on the market in such a wide range that long and confused. So today we will touch upon practical considerations when choosing paints, knowing that you dobetes best results – both for design and for the purse. Four Any element of paint comprises four main components that determine its properties. First, a pigment, without which the paint is difficult to name any – he is responsible for the color. The second component – binder, which provides adhesion (cohesive).

Third – filler – determines what will be the color – matte or glossy, giving it a particular reflectivity. The fourth component – Solvent – it depends on the consistency of paint and its coverage. It is from these four independent then how each fits into a particular color are your plans for its use. Of course, the main task paint – to provide the desired shade of the surface on which it is applied. But let's not forget that the paint is still a protective layer, saving the basis of the effect of external influences. The high degree of resistance to Friction can do wet cleaning of floors and walls without dire consequences for their appearance. Usually, reliability indicators paint are specified in the instructions. But here has a little trick nb: do not take one and the same floor paint, walls iotolka, even if you want to paint them in one color. Agree, the degree of mechanical action on the floor and the ceiling is different in a lot of time and, consequently, for the latter you can buy a less expensive paint with a relatively low rate of wear. Water resistance – the second important property of paint material, which is especially important when painting kitchens, bathrooms and basements.

21 Jan 2012, 5:07am
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Construction Of Cottage From A To Z

Before you start building the cottage you need to decide which calls for a vacation home, and from this a start. Conventionally divided into holiday homes country houses, cottages, houses for permanent residence. Usually Cottages are designed for seasonal rates. They also can live in winter. The building can withstand temperatures down to -15 …- 25 C..

During the construction of houses is taken into account architectural appearance of the house of premises of the house. Typically, construction of the cottages is the total area of 100 … 150 m2. The reasons that prompt people to buy the big cities of land and build houses on them, a lot, but the most basic, this is probably desire to spend the summer vacation, a weekend at his cottage. Fresh air is full of flowers and trees. Or a gazebo with their hands in the area – almost the same cottage just on a smaller scale. You can do the construction cottage today.

For rational architectural design solution, coupled with the topography and landscape the site, the cottage will combine the comfort of a city apartment and the natural charm of a country house. Before build your cottage on the subject specialist visits in order to study the soil, topography, availability of utilities and roads. The specialist also provides guidance on location of the cottage and the subsidiary buildings. During the construction of the cottage is not unimportant role played by climatic conditions. They are characterized by temperature and humidity, solar radiation, wind, sleet, geophysical indices. Climatic influences on the specifics of the location of the premises in cabins, determines the choice of construction technology cottage. When you choose a layout of the cottage should be considered quantitative and demographic family composition. According to the standards of the volume of air per person, taking into account the physiological needs of 25-38 cubic meters.

4 Jan 2012, 12:38am
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St Petersburg

Complete removal of existing electrical systems and wiring, installation of new electrical system in the apartment according to customer requirements. Complete dismantling plumbing system flat wiring and communications installation of sanitary equipment in accordance with customer requirements. Redesign flat, high-quality rough finish flat with modern materials with high performance. Installation of multi-level ceilings with complex geometric shapes with installation of lighting, installation of various design and architectural solutions, and thermal insulation zvukoyzolyatsiya rooms apartment. High quality finishing an apartment with the most modern expensive finishing materials.

Making individual design project apartment in accordance with the wishes and requirements customer. And much more ….. Cost of works – from 15 500 rubles / sqm premises, excluding materials. Some opinions of professionals to repair flats: Do not expect to get a good overhaul of apartments, inviting shabashniki team. 'Like a renovation "they probably will, but an upscale and quality work only by skilled craftsmen who specialize in a particular type of work. It is not only in diligence and skill of the workers. Modern high-precision professional equipment is very expensive, construction firms are going to considerable expense, getting his teaching staff.

Only use this tool guarantees in the end perfectly flat floors, walls and ceilings, high-quality fixed doors, windows and plumbing, which will serve you long and reliable. You must report only to the company having a state license to the right to conduct construction works. Construction companies begin work only after the preparation of detailed estimates and, if necessary, after construction and approval of the design project, after signing the contract, where specified deadlines, cost and list of works and indicated the warranty on the work performed. Private teams also work contract is not concluded, the estimate is informal, the guarantee, respectively, can be no question and happen any force majeure – the customer will have no tangible rights confirmed by the contract. Also a strong argument is that construction companies are professionally engaged in repair and finishing works, there are some discounts at many wholesale sellers of building materials in St Petersburg. Private team wholesalers will not give a discount for lack of continued cooperation.