28 Sep 2014, 4:43am

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The effects of the production of energy by oil, become unsustainable product of poor regulations, lack of experience which globalization could not observe long ago, with the environmental and social cost on natural resources (desertification, extinction of species, etc.). However against these practices recommendations exist in some international legislation and doctrine, as the arise dynamic measures by means of the right energy Integrator, technological and sustainable energy policies as the need for approximations to the polluting effects of oil for the purpose of prevention. Energy sustainability within the exploratory activity of oil is basically oriented to reduce risks and environmental impacts; When you are programming or are planning to search for oil primarily as source of world energy, and commercial economic activities; through the development of policies to meet the average environmental, social principles without paralysing the activity of the oil industry. 5. Towards measures of energy sustainability in the exploration of hydrocarbons. State planning activities which will also have support from industry and population who must assume the leading role of sustainability as part of governance. Use and promotion of innovative technologies that will prevent contamination of the surface, in the phase of oil exploration. Establish systems of compensation on measurable damage to those affected by the exploration activities, even those who underestimated the marketplace.

Establish registration and measurement systems of biodiversity for the calculation of the damages that are incommensurable due to the absence of complete knowledge on biodiversity altered or destroyed and by the difficulty of establishing measures or appraisals about social impacts such as the loss of a culture. Develop techniques for recovery of the object lands exploratory activities. Internalization in the costs of the externalities of activities resulting from the extraction of oil. These are one challenges that all institutions of the State related to the extraction of petroleum, convert it as a sustainable energy resource, and the fundamental role of the oil companies to solve the security measures and make innovations in the technology.