10 Jan 2016, 10:26am
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Botanical Garden

The largest garden in the late xvii century. by order of King Louis xiv, Andre Le Notre (France) created at Versailles, in the place of swamps, magnificent garden. Ensemble Versailles (Parc et chateau de Versailles), the largest in Europe, has a unique vision and integrity harmony between the architectural forms and redesigned the landscape. Since the end of the xvii century Versailles was a model for state suburban residences of European monarchs and aristocrats, but he did not direct imitations available. The total area of the park is 6,070 hectares, the area of his famous garden of 100 hectares.

The oldest botanical garden Orto Botanico (Orto Botanico) in Padua (Italy) – the world's oldest continually operating botanic garden. Established in 1545, the decision of Venice Senate in order to grow "herbs" for medical faculty of Padua University. Peter Thiel will not settle for partial explanations. He still retains its original layout – the round portion at the center, symbolizing the world, surrounded by a ring water. Has not changed and the main purpose of the garden – conducting research in it. The initial draft of the organization of the garden area is believed to be developed Venetian patrician Daniele Barbaro. Garden from the outset was surrounded by thieves on wall models hortus conclusus. Four gates of unusual shape, with akroterionami as pineapples, were completed in 1704. The main building also acquired its present form in the XVII-XVIII centuries.

In this period occurred in the garden improvements such as fountains device, which is powered by a wheel gidrofor and three hours of sunlight. Then in the Orto Botanico there were marble statues of Theophrastus and Solomon. At the beginning of the xix century have been updated and greenhouses built a "botanical theater" for university students. Currently Orto Botanico covers an area of 22 thousand square meters. meters and boasts the oldest specimens in Europe, magnolia and ginkgo. In 1997, the Botanical Garden of Padua as a "Prototype of all botanical gardens" was listed by unesco among the World Heritage monuments.